No one can deny that sheet masks are one of the most popular skincare products on the market right now. According to Karen Grant, vice president, and senior global industry analyst at the NPD Group, “Masks attract today’s consumers with the promise of immediate results in treating a variety of skin flaws […] New formats and formulations that address individual needs appeal to the consumer looking to try something different without spending a fortune.” Dr. Jart Vital Hydra Solution Sheet Mask(link) is a cellulose sheet mask that promises to deeply hydrate and replenish skin’s moisture levels. Believe it or not, the fact that it is cellulose matters: Cellulose types of sheet masks differ from traditional cotton ones in that they are actually an all-natural material, produced through cultured bacteria. They were originally manufactured solely for medical applications to treat burns and chronic wounds. The material adheres to the skin tightly, so less skin is missed, and the absorption properties have been proven to deliver key ingredients deeply into the skin, like the antioxidant coenzyme Q10 (Life Sciences, 2008) and hydrator glycerin (European Journal of Pharmaceutics andBiopharmaceutics, 2014). These types of masks also allow you to move around for lengthy amounts of time while you’re wearing them, which is a huge plus for me while I’m chasing my one-year-old around!
Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid
Before I get into hyaluronic acid, let’s talk about that “hydrolyzed.” Hydrolyzation is simply a chemical process involving the reaction of a substance (here, hyaluronic acid) with water and another acid, hydrochloric acid, to form a modified substance (hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid). Hydrolyzation generally makes ingredients absorb into the skin more quickly, so they don’t have that “heavy” feel atop the skin.
In general, however, regular ol’ hyaluronic acid has the same effect as hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid as a natural moisturizing factor (NMF). In fact, non-hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid is naturally found in the skin, on the uppermost layer of the skin, providing natural hydration. So when you topically apply hyaluronic acid, it has similar effects to when it’s naturally produced.
This is different from, say, collagen, which is produced and found predominantly in the deeper layers of the skin, so when you topically apply collagen, it has very little effect other than hydration and temporary skin plumping atop the skin — not like its natural function below the skin’s surface.
When you apply hyaluronic acid to the skin, it also draws water into the skin, reducing trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). It helps to temporarily stabilize and maintain the complex intercellular-skin matrix, which is the “glue” that holds the skin together. Hyaluronic acid also creates a slight swelling of the skin that temporarily reduces the appearance of wrinkles. So if you’re looking for a quick boost of hydration, hyaluronic acid is going to be your best bet, so it’s no surprise that it is included in this sheet mask.
Science is currently limited on the full effects of algae. On the one hand, isolated polyphenols from brown algae have been shown to boost UV protection (International Journal of Cancer, 2009). Considering the fact that 80-90% of the visible signs of aging are attributable to UV damage, that’s no small feat. And a French study suggests red algae have similar UV protection-boosting effects, as well as in stimulating collagen synthesis and acting as a potent antioxidant. Algae has a low irritant potential for the skin, according to some studies, such as this 2004 study from the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Still, other studies suggest that algae can be a significant irritant (Journal of Allergy, 1966).
Because the jury is still out here, especially on if this ingredient is an irritant, so proceed with caution on this mask if you have sensitive skin. I also wouldn’t use the Dr. Jart Vital Hydra Solution Sheet (link) nightly due to the inclusion of algae — the risk of creating an allergy is too high, in my opinion.
Ginger Root Extract
One of my favorite dermatologists, Dr. Leslie Baumann, wrote about ginger in her blog. Baumann reports that ginger in skin care “can improve circulation, which has led to increasing research into the ways it could be harnessed to enhance the complexion.” Baumann also says that ginger exhibits antioxidant properties, although it may cause some irritation in those with sensitive skin. In the journal Phytomedicine in 2005, ginger extract in concentrations of 0.6 and 1.8 mg/site was shown to be an effective anti-inflammatory in rats with induced edema. In addition, it was suggested in the article “Eat Ginger, Rub On Pomegranate” in the journal The Lancet Oncology that (guess what) ginger is beneficial when ingested as well due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
How to Use the Dr. Jart Vital Hydra Solution Sheet
If you want to give the Dr. Jart Vital Hydra Solution Sheet Mask(link) a fair shot, be sure you set aside 20 minutes to really let it work it’s magic! After a certain amount of time, ingredients will reach a threshold of penetration in the skin, meaning that very little is to be gained from having the material on the skin longer (Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 2002). While some ingredients in certain delivery systems will take very little time to reach the deeper layers of the skin, most will take somewhere between 5-60 minutes to dissolve or absorb into the skin. Water and volatile compounds take 5-10 minutes (Textbook of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2010). The rate of dissolvation or absorption of the other ingredients depends on the environmental conditions (especially humidity), the temperature of the skin itself, the size of the ingredients, and the amount of product applied (Textbook of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2010).
Dr. Jart Vital Hydra Solution Sheet – The Bottom Line
If you’re looking for a quick boost of hydration or plumped skin before an event, you can’t go wrong with the Dr. Jart Vital Hydra Solution Sheet Mask(link)! You’re not going to see any real long term benefits with this mask alone but when used in conjunction with a solid skincare routine, it will help any makeup you apply on top of it go on more smoothly!