Caffeic Acid

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A form of hydroxycinnamic acid, this is a very potent antioxident. Studies have shown it is more effective than ferulic acid.

Caffeic Acid (Wikipedia)
Caffeic acid
2D diagram of caffeic acid
3D ball-and-stick model of caffeic acid
3D space filling model of caffeic acid
Names
IUPAC names
3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acid
3,4-Dihydroxy-cinnamic acid
trans-Caffeate
3,4-Dihydroxy-trans-cinnamate
(E)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acid
3,4-Dihydroxybenzeneacrylicacid
3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acid
Identifiers
331-39-5 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:16433 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL145 YesY
ChemSpider 600426 YesY
DrugBank DB01880 YesY
5155
Jmol 3D image Interactive graph
KEGG C01481 YesY
PubChem 689043
UNII U2S3A33KVM YesY
Properties
C9H8O4
Molar mass 180.16 g/mol
Density 1.478 g/cm3
Melting point 223 to 225 °C (433 to 437 °F; 496 to 498 K)
UV-vismax) 327 nm and a shoulder at c. 295 nm in acidified methanol
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola oilHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Related compounds
Related compounds
Chlorogenic acid
Cichoric acid
Coumaric acid
Quinic acid
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Caffeic acid is an organic compound that is classified as hydroxycinnamic acid. This yellow solid consists of both phenolic and acrylic functional groups. It is found in all plants because it is a key intermediate in the biosynthesis of lignin, one of the principal components of plant biomass and its residues.

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