Ascorbic Acid

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A form of vitamin C, this naturally-derived ingredient is an antioxidant. One of the main ingredients of our FutureDerm CE Caffeic Silk Serum! 

Ascorbic Acid (Wikipedia)
This article is about the molecular aspects of ascorbic acid. For information about its role in nutrition, see Vitamin C.
L-Ascorbic acid
L-Ascorbic acid.svg
Ascorbic-acid-from-xtal-1997-3D-balls.png
Names
IUPAC name
(5R)-[(1S)-1,2-Dihydroxyethyl]-3,4-dihydroxyfuran-2(5H)-one
Other names
Vitamin C
Identifiers
50-81-7 N
ChEBICHEBI:29073 N
ChEMBLChEMBL196 N
ChemSpider10189562 N
EC Number200-066-2
4781
Jmol 3D imageInteractive graph
Interactive graph
KEGGD00018 YesY
PubChem5785
UNIIPQ6CK8PD0R YesY
Properties
C6H8O6
Molar mass176.12 g·mol−1
AppearanceWhite or light yellow solid
Density1.65 g/cm3
Melting point190 to 192 °C (374 to 378 °F; 463 to 465 K) decomposes
330 g/L
Solubility in ethanol20 g/L
Solubility in glycerol10 g/L
Solubility in propylene glycol50 g/L
Solubility in other solventsinsoluble in diethyl ether, chloroform, benzene, petroleum ether, oils, fats
Acidity (pKa)4.10 (first), 11.6 (second)
Pharmacology
A11GA01 (WHO) G01AD03, S01XA15
Hazards
Safety data sheetJT Baker
Oxford University
NFPA 704
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
11.9 g/kg (oral, rat)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties. It is a white solid, but impure samples can appear yellowish. It dissolves well in water to give mildly acidic solutions. Ascorbic acid is one form ("vitamer") of vitamin C. It was originally called L-hexuronic acid, but, when it was found to have vitamin C activity in animals ("vitamin C" being defined as a vitamin activity, not then a specific substance), the suggestion was made to rename it. The new name, ascorbic acid, is derived from a- (meaning "no") and scorbutus (scurvy), the disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin C. Because it is derived from glucose, many non-human animals are able to produce it, but humans require it as part of their nutrition. Other vertebrates which lack the ability to produce ascorbic acid include some primates, guinea pigs, teleost fishes, bats, and some birds, all of which require it as a dietary micronutrient (that is, in vitamin form).

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